NIMBYism and affordable housing
The federal government underwrites affordable housing in part by providing tax credits to developers who build affordable housing. The Texas Department of Housing and Community Affairs parcels out these tax credits in Texas. A lot rides on TDHCA’s decisions and competition for the tax credits is fierce.
This Statesman article on TDHCA’s scoring system is interesting because it explains how NIMBYism is baked into TDHCA’s evaluations. Although projects are scored on several criteria, local opposition (or support) carries a lot of weight. The scoring system effectively counts local reaction twice: it weights letters from neighborhood associations and it weights letters from the legislators who represent these neighborhoods, who, naturally, can be counted upon to do their constituents’ bidding. There is a 52-point swing between unqualified opposition and unqualified support, a big deal given the maximum score is 226. (Although I am calling this “TDHCA’s system,” in fairness I should note that it is merely implementing statutory standards.)
It’s worth stressing that these are not zoning cases. Tax-credit subsidized housing can only be built where zoning allows it. Developers, in other words, merely propose multi-family projects for parcels of land that the city has already determined are suitable for multi-family housing. Concerns about traffic, noise, overcrowding, etc. should have been resolved when the parcel was zoned.
Read more at the Austin Contrarian